Maitland Jewish Cemetery : WINNER National Trust Heritage Awards: 2011 Category I: Interpretation and Presentation 1: Corporate/Government.
Maitland’s Jewish Cemetery, set in a forgotten corner of Louth Park in West Maitland, dates from the late 1840s and contains some fifty graves. Significant as the only Jewish cemetery north of Sydney until the early twentieth century, over the years, floods, erosion, and periods of neglect have affected the cemetery and the inscriptions on the gravestones. Maitland Jewish Cemetery marks the key role that Maitland played in NSW’s early colonial history and, within Maitland, the important role of the small Jewish community there.
This project aimed to revive interest in the cemetery, in the history of the Jewish community in Maitland and to document, interpret and present that history in different ways to different audiences. In 2008, MRAG initiated four complementary contributions which were released simultaneously in May 2010.
- Artist Hanna Kay created a suite of paintings inspired by the cemetery. This resulted in the exhibition, Undertow, and subsequently went on a three year tour of nine exhibition spaces across the east coast of Australia. An exhibition catalogue was also created for this exhibition.
- Historian Janis Wilton researched a book on the stories of the people buried in the cemetery and the Maitland Jewish community. The publication is titled: Maitland Jewish Cemetery: a monument to dreams and deeds. The book is complemented and extended by the Views of Maitland online database.
- Designer David Guy conceived a site-specific installation to commemorate and acknowledge those buried in the cemetery. This installation was displayed at MRAG during the exhibition of Undertow.
- MRAG Education Curator Lauren van Katwyk produced an education kit which supported the exhibition at MRAG and on tour. The publication is titled Education Kit: Hanna Kay Undertow.
The project was initiated and coordinated by MRAG, in partnership with and involving contributions from Maitland City Council, NSW Migration Heritage Centre and the University of New England Heritage Futures Research Centre.
The research for the project was undertaken with assistance from the Australian Jewish Historical Society, Australian Jewish Genealogical Society, Maitland Family History Circle, Maitland and District Historical Society and the descendants of people buried in the cemetery, local residents and community members.The project researched and documented the physical layout of the cemetery; the gravestones and their inscriptions; the records of the cemetery; the histories of the people buried in the cemetery and the ways in which their histories illuminate the history of the Jewish community in Maitland. It inspired and assisted different interpretations and presentations of the cemetery in order both to document different aspects of the cemetery and to engage different audiences.
Two of these interpretations, Hanna Kay’s exhibition Undertow,and David Guy’s commemorative installation, were simultaneously exhibited at MRAG from May 20 to July 11, 2010. Included in Hanna’s exhibition of paintings, was a film that documented the progress of her body of work, developed by Leslie Wand. David Guy’s installation
incorporated projected historical images, music, and an evocation of a memorial including the names of those buried in the cemetery. In the Jewish tradition, stones were placed in their memory. Janis Wilton’s publication, Maitland Jewish Cemetery: A Monument to Dreams and Deeds, was launched at the exhibition opening. Lauren van Katwyk’s education kit was the final complementary submission to the project. Developed to support primary and secondary teachers and gallery public program staff, the kit provided a strong basis of knowledge and understanding required to incorporate school student audiences into the demographics of the project.
The project has produced a permanent and accessible record of the Maitland Jewish Cemetery (including transcription, translation and transliteration of the Hebrew inscriptions on the gravestones), and has offered different interpretations of, and responses to, the cemetery. It has demonstrated that a regional art gallery can play a pivotal role in stimulating interest in a heritage site and in a previously neglected aspect of a locality’s history. It has also drawn together professionals, artists, community organisations, family and community members, and government and educational institutions in a cooperative and collaborative effort to document, present and engage with that site.
The project has also played its part in stimulating:
- research and documentation of Broken Hill’s Jewish cemetery as a part of the commemoration of the centenary of the Broken Hill synagogue. The exhibition Undertow was on exhibit at Broken Hill Gallery during October and November 2010 when the synagogue was being commemorated,
- the impetus and documentation for Maitland City Council to apply for funding for a Conservation Management Plan for the Cemetery,
- nation-wide recognition as to how heritage awareness can be stimulated through a project undertaken by a regional art gallery. This project has also demonstrated the effective value of inviting artists and designers to participate in the interpretation and presentation of a heritage site.
Maitland Jewish Cemetery: a monument to dreams and deeds is available for purchase ($25 excluding postage) through the MRAG gallery shop. Enquiries: (02) 4934 9859 or firstname.lastname@example.org